Topological insulators are a recently discovered phase of matter that are electrical insulators in the bulk but which can conduct electricity on their surface via special “topologically protected” surface electronic states. These states have remarkable properties, including the fact that they are robust to defects and noise in the surrounding environment. A team of researchers in Australia, Italy and Switzerland have now shown that topological states made from single photons can be used as quantum bits (qubits) to process quantum information in a reliable way. The work could help in the development of more robust quantum computers.
CREDIT: Article from physicsworld.com 20 Sep 2018 Belle Dumé